Strokes are the leading cause of serious disability. They are the third leading cause of death, behind heart disease and cancer. Over 140,000 Americans die each year from stroke. Smokers have double the risk of ischemic stroke than nonsmokers. Former smokers find their risk drops to the same level as those who never smoked after two to five years.
Every year, 795,000 people will suffer a stroke. Of those, 185,000 will be a recurrent attack. There are over four million stroke survivors still dealing with medical aftereffects. One person every 40 seconds suffers a stroke, and one person every 3 and a half minutes dies of stroke. Nearly 75% of strokes occur in people over the age of 65. However, strokes can occur at any age, even during infancy. Four out of five families will be affected by strokes in some way. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can increase stroke risk by four to six times.
It is the most important risk factor to predict if a stroke will occur. Atrial fibrillation increases stroke risk by five times. Stroke is two and a half times more common with people with diabetes. Stroke Statistics Worldwide Strokes are the second leading cause of death. About 4.4 million people a year will suffer a stroke. A third of those will die, and another third will have a permanent disability. High blood pressure contributes to 12.7 million of those strokes. Across Europe, there are about 650,000 stroke deaths per year. Stroke Survival Rates 35 percent of stroke victims will recover with few to no impairments.
40 percent will have moderate to severe disability, requiring specialized care. 15 percent will die shortly after their stroke. 7.6 percent of ischemic strokes and 37.5 percent of hemorrhagic strokes end in patient death within 30 days of an attack. Statistically, the most dangerous stroke is a subarachnoid hemorrhage. It occurs in only 7 percent of cases but has a 50 percent fatality rate. Half the survivors have permanent disability. 14 percent of people who had a stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack will have another within a year. This number rises to 25 percent over five years. Age, Gender, and Ethnicity 43 percent of strokes are experienced by women, however they are also more likely to die of the attack. Women make up 61 percent of fatal strokes. Strokes can strike at any time, but they predominantly affect older populations. About one quarter of strokes occur in those under 65. For each decade after 55 years old, the risk of stroke doubles. African Americans across both genders have a higher risk of stroke, and higher death rate, than Caucasians. Mexican American men have a comparable stroke rate to Caucasian men, while Mexican American women have the overall lowest rates of stroke of all three populations.